56. School Violence, Bullying, Long-term Absence
  & some other Statistics on Education in Japan


                   56-2 Some other Statistics on Education
Shoji Sugita
Preface
    I will describe the Japanese situation of education with some statistics.

1. School violence
     Year    1998    1999    2000
  Elementary school    1,304    1,528    1,509
  Junior high school   18,209   22,991   24,246
  Senior high school    4,108    5,152    5,300
    Total   23,621   29,671   31,055
(Source) Kyoiku Hakusho (White Paper on Education) edit.2000
      by The Ministry of Education, Science and Technology

(Note) Total number of students in Japan (2000)..... Elementary (7366,079)
    Junior high (4103,717), Senior high (4061,761)
(Comment 1) These school violences include with "attacks to teachers", "fights among
        students", "attacks to other people" and "destruction of school property". And the
        number is increasing a little year by year.  
(Comment 2) Criminal code is decreasing a little year by year, however it keeps on the high level.
  By National Police Agency, in 1999, Illegal behavior refer to the juvenile:
   ● Felonious offences.... 173 ( Homicide 1, Robbery 33, Arson 127, Rapr 12 )
   ● Violent offences....... 1,507
   ● Larceny offences ....16,968, Intellectual Offences.. 21, Moral Offences... 81 Others ..3,753
   
2. Bullying Incidents
     Year  1994  1995  1996  1997  1998  1999
   Elementary school 25,295 26,614 21,733 16,294 12,858  9,462
   Junior high school 26,828 29,068 25,862 23,234 20,801 19,383
   Senior high school  4,253  4,184  3,771  3,103  2,576  2,391
Special Education school   225   229   178   159    161   133
    Total 56,601 60,096 51,544 42,790 36,396 31,369
(Source) The same as above-mentioned.
(Comment) The number of bullying inciedents is decreasing a little year by year, however it keeps on a high
       level. Therefore, we have to adopt more "school choices", Emergency Removal, Absence, Change
       to other classes or other schools and so forth.
3. Long-term Absence
 Year 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Elementary
school
12,645 13,710 14,769 15,786 16,569 19,498 20,765 26,017 26,044
Junior high school 54,172 58,421 60,039 61,663 65,022 74,853 84,701 101,675 104,164
 Total 66,817 72,131 74,808 77,449 81,591 94,351 105,466 127,692 130,208

(Comment) As for the background of Long-term Absences, there are sometimes problems in their
       homes or in their schools. The common sense of association with going to school is
       becoming weaker than previously. And we might be better to change the scool system,
       for instance, to adopt " chater school system" and the reduction of class sizes.
4. Withdrawal from senior high school
Year 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Number 123,069 123,529 112,933 101,194 94,065 96,401 98,179 112,150 111,491 111,372
 %  2.2  2.2  2.1  1.9  1.9  2.0  2.1  2.5  2.6  2.6
(Note) Total number of seinor high schoo students in Japan (2000)......... 4061,761
     Withdrawal (2000).......Number :109,146......... ..2.6.%
(Comment) The reason for the withdrawal are " Do not adjust to studyng i", "To change
      schooling direction" and so forth. The percentage keeps on 2 %, however, is
      increasing a little year by year and is becoming a problem in Japan.

        2.5 % (1990) , 2.6 % (2000)
Described, March 2002 Continue to .......... Some other satistics on education in Japan