1. Corporal punishment in the U.S. and Japan - a comparison

 Shoji Sugita
Shoji Sugita
I have been a principal of public and private senior high schools and also was a staff
of a school board for some years. I was given the Award by the Minister of Education some years ago. By the way, I was trained as a soldier at the end of World War 2.

TRules on discipline and corporal punishment in Japan 
 1 The school Educational Law Article 11: 
  If neccesary, principals and teachers are allowed to carry out the disciplinary of students under
 the regulations of the government. However corporal punishment shall not be allowed.

 2 The regulation of The School Educational Law  Article 13: 
  Whenever principals and teachers carry out the disciplinary of students ,they should take into
  consideration such as age and maturity.

 3 Guidelines ruled by The Ministry of Justice  
  1.To injure the students, spanking and kicking, is prohibited. 
   2.To cause serious physical pain to the students is prohibited as corporal punishment. However
   appropriately utilized disciplinary, is not corporal punishment. With regard to disciplinary
   measures, the most important factors are the age and maturity of the students and also
   the place, time and seriousness of the offence.  like these ,we should consider whether it is prohibited
   corporal punishment or not.   
  3.Detention after school is not corporal punishment, but is a legal disciplinary measure.
   And the length of the detention is on the discretion of the teacher.   
  4.Not to let students go to the washroom or not to let them eat meals at the lunch times shall corporal
  5.To use force to quell a disturbance in the classroom shall not be corporal punishment.  
  6.Students may be ordered to perform certain services, such as cleaning or extra works for some

 4 Guidebook edited by the Study of Instruction, Ministry of Education
  As the teachers are in the position of parents or guardians of the students, they shall be allowed
  to strike students slightly as punishmentthis , for such kind of punishment is usually carry out
  by the parent or the guardian. Teachers shall be permitted to administer such
  punishment, even if the force infringes the body of the stud,ents.  Such force is considered to be
  necessary for the proper control students and effective in education, namely what they call 
  "affectionate rod" or "loving patting".  Of course, teachers should esteem the student's rights with
  the sound discretion of the school administrators. They should try to avoid using such force as less
  as possible, for they may infringe upon the body of the students, even though they are considered
  to be"affectionate rod" or "loving pat"
  2. Principle of Punishment:
 3. Tipical court case: INGRAHAM v. WRIGHT
  "INGRAHAM v. WRIGHT" 430 U.S. 651 Federal Supreme Court,1977.
 4. Why have the number of reported cases of corporal punishment decreased recently?  5. In the past there were many court cases regarding corporal punishment in the U.S.
   For instance;
  Typical case: Female Teacher's Corporal Punishment.
  criminal Case, Monthly 13-4, Tokyo Higher Court, April 1,1981
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